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          2020-07

          About the structure process analysis of twin screw extruder

          2020-07--30
          Next,theeditorofJuliwillgiveyouabriefintroductionaboutthestructureandprocessanalysisofthetwin-screwextruder:??1.Plasticizingarea??Theplasticizingzoneistoheattheinjectedresintoformamoltenstate.Theconditionssuchastheheatingtemperatureandtimeinthisregionarenotparticularlylimitedaslongasthefluoropolymerhavingaspecificunstableterminalgroupisinamoltenstate.Inthelatterhalfoftheplasticizationzone,itispreferabletoprovidedevolatilizationholestoremoveatleastapartofvolatilecomponentsundernormalpressureorreducedpressure.Then,thepartialpressureofvolatilecomponentsinthestabilizationregiondescribedlatercanbereduced,andthestabilizationtreatmentcanbeeffectivelypromoted.??2.Stabilizationtreatmentarea??ThestabilizationzoneistomeltandkneadandconvertspecificunstableendgroupsintoaCF2H.Thestabilizationtreatmentareaispreferablyformedbyusingakneadingdiscwithoutpropulsion.Here,melt-kneadingiscarriedoutinthepresenceofwaterandoxygen.Itcandirectlyintroducepurewater,ionexchangewater,etc.orwatervapor;itcanalsobeaccompaniedbythefluoropolymertobetreated.Theamountofwateraddedisthesameasthenumberofunstableterminalgroups,butitisactuallypreferabletosupplyanexcessamount,forexample,atleast10timestheamount.Thepressureinthestabilizationzoneisgenerallycontrolledat0.2~10MPa,andthesettemperatureiscontrolledat280~430℃.Thetimetomaintainpressurizationisusuallylessthan10minutes.??Accordingtotheprincipleoftheextrudertoremoveunstableendgroups,themelt-kneadinginthestabilizationzoneispreferablycarriedoutinthepresenceofoxygeninadditiontothepresenceofwater.Airisusuallyusedintermsofeconomy.Inthepresenceofoxygen,thecarbongeneratedbythemoltenkneadedproductisalsoburned,whichcaninhibitthecoloringofthefluoropolymer.Oxygenisaninertgastotheunstableterminalgroupscarboxylandfluorinatedacylgroups.Duringtheprocessofmeltingandkneading,itcanimprovethedevolatilizationefficiencyofvolatilecomponents.??Three,devolatilizationarea??Thedevolatilizationzoneremoveshigh-temperaturevolatilecomponentsgeneratedbythedecompositionofspecificunstableterminalgroups.Theabsolutepressurevariesaccordingtothemoltenstateofthemoltenkneadedproductandtheoperatingconditionsofthescrewofthekneader.Generally,thepressureisreducedtothepointwherethemoltenkneadedproductdoesnotintrudeintotheexhaustnozzle.Itcanbe0.01to0.1MPa,andthetemperatureiscontrolledat25O~Claughataround.??Inthepresenceofacertainamountofwaterandoxygen,FEPextrudingthroughatwin-screwextrudercaneffectivelyremovetheunstableterminalgroupsofFEP.SimplifiestheprocessingprocessofFEPunstableendgroupsandsavesproductioncosts.Whentheobtainedstabilizedpolymerismelt-formed,nobubblesorvoidsaregeneratedinthefinishedproduct,anditisnotcolored.?Formoreinformationabouttwinscrewextruders,pleasevisithttp://www.njjl.com/
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